The Unifying
Specification for
Cloud Billing Data

FOCUS™ is a technical specification that normalizes
cost and usage billing data across cloud vendors.

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What is FOCUS™?

The FinOps Cost and Usage Specification (FOCUS™) is an open-source specification that defines clear requirements for cloud vendors to produce consistent cost and usage datasets.

Supported by the FinOps Foundation, FOCUS™ aims to reduce complexity for FinOps Practitioners so they can drive data-driven decision-making and maximize the business value of cloud, while making their skills more transferable across clouds, tools, and organizations.

Learn more about FOCUS in this FinOps Foundation Insights article.


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Tracy Woo

Principal Analyst

"FOCUS™ is a BIG DEAL. FOCUS will remove the complexity and overhead involved when trying to normalize various billing taxonomies making it immensely beneficial across all companies and across all industries."

Fred Delombaerde

Corporate Vice President, Commerce Platform & Marketplace

“We are committed to working with the FinOps Foundation to bring together the knowledge and involvement of all major players in cloud billing to benefit all."

Anne Johnston

VP of Engineering Cloud Costs

"The basics of good decision-making and execution require clarity of information. FOCUS™ goes a long way to making that possible and we look forward to even greater innovation in the years ahead."

Pravir Gupta

Vice President of Google Cloud

"We want our customers to easily understand their cloud costs so that they spend more time innovating and creating business value — and we believe with FOCUS™ we are taking steps towards this reality."

Tim O'Brien

Senior Director of Engineering

“We’re thrilled to see FOCUS™ gathering momentum. Having a vendor-neutral view of all cloud resources will enable us to better engage with cloud partners and better serve our customers and shareholders.”

James Greenfield

Vice President, Commerce Platform

“We are excited to be part of an effort to make it easier for customers to use cloud financial data to get a better understanding of their AWS investments. Contributing to the FOCUS™ specification is an important part of our broader efforts to improve our cloud financial management offerings and help customers get the most out of their AWS investments."

Clément Leroux

Cloud FinOps Engineer

"We are seeing value in using FOCUS™ to create a single source of truth for cloud billing and usage to gain insights faster and make more informed decisions with data. We look forward to more organizations adopting the Specification.”

Who uses FOCUS™?

FinOps Practitioners

With unified billing data, you spend more time on FinOps and less time on data normalization, and can refocus efforts on iteratively improving high-priority FinOps Capabilities. With FOCUS™, Practitioners also gain transferrable data skills.

Cloud Vendors

FOCUS™ helps Cloud Service Providers, SaaS Vendors, and other Independent Software Vendors (ISVs) who generate cloud billing data by easing adoption of their offerings and accelerating usage of cloud infrastructure and software.

FinOps Vendors

With FOCUS™, FinOps vendors do not need to spend development resources building data normalization functionality. Instead, those resources can be spent developing support for other FinOps Capabilities with higher impact.

Steering Committee

Michael Flanakin

Principal Product Management Lead, Microsoft Cost Management

Sarah McMullin

Product Management Lead Google Cloud Billing

Roy Wolman

AWS Sr. Manager, Product Management for CUR and Cost Explorer

Anne Johnston

Capital One Vice President Engineering, Cloud Costs & Engagement

Tim O’Brien

Walmart Senior Director of Engineering, Cloud Cost Management

Mike Fuller

CTO FinOps Foundation

Udam Dewaraja

Working Group Chairperson, FOCUS Project

The FOCUS Initiative

FOCUS™ is developing an open standard for cloud billing data and gaining adoption across all major cloud vendors.


Version 1.0 introduces common taxonomy, terminology, and metrics for billing datasets produced by Cloud Service Providers (CSPs). The Specification, however, will be extensible to other cloud billing datasets for networking, observability, and security tools. Future updates are expected to add support for SaaS and PaaS providers and on-premises datasets. If you are interested in contributing to the FOCUS Specification, please review the Member Agreement and sign the CLA.

Adoption & Obtaining FOCUS Datasets

The largest cloud service providers have adopted the FOCUS Specification. Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud, Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI), and Amazon Web Services (AWS) all offer FOCUS-formatted cost and usage billing data exports directly from their native consoles:

FinOps tooling vendors are also adopting FOCUS with data exports and reporting using FOCUS attributes and metrics. As adoption continues, more vendors plan to support FOCUS data ingestion, adopt FOCUS terminology in their platforms, and align their APIs to the requirements in the Specification.

Get Certified on FOCUS

Learn how FOCUS can ease and accelerate FinOps at your organization.

Free course for anyone who uses cloud billing data or views FinOps reports. Great for those who work with FinOps Practitioners.

Learn the goals, use cases, and impact of this cloud billing specification.

Free Introduction to FOCUS

In-depth certification course. Great for FinOps Practitioners who generate, ingest, normalize, and analyze cloud billing data.

Learn how to use FOCUS to answer real-world FinOps questions while gaining transferable data skills.

FinOps Certified FOCUS Analyst

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The FOCUS specification is based on